The NIH Public Access Policy was passed in 2007, requiring that peer-reviewed, scientific publications must be made available to the public if the research was funded with NIH grant money.
In December 2011, the Research Works Act was introduced to the House, and seeks to overturn NIH’s Public Policy Act.
If you’re unfamiliar with NIH’s act, here is a great 2-page policy overview from the National Institutes of Health.
Library & Knowledge Services can assist you to comply with NIH’s Public Access Policy and ensure that your research is available to the public 12 months after you have published. Ask us!
“The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publically available no later than 12 months after official date of publication: Provided, that the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.” (Consolidated Appropriations Act, [PL 110-161] enacted December 26, 2007)